Records of dried persimmons by period

Records of dried persimmons by period

Dried persimmons offered to the king

Persimmons have been growing wild in the Sangju area since the 15th century, with large harvests of high-quality persimmons due to the suitable local growing conditions. Records of tributes and local products from the Joseon dynasty confirm that dried persimmons were a special product produced in the region.
There is a record of persimmons/dried persimmons in Gyeongsang-do’s tribute in the Geography Section of the Annals of King Sejong (1454), and in volume 2 of the Annals of King Yejong (1468), there is a record that the tribute of dried persimmons was divided with Sangju. Through this, it can be seen that Sangju's dried persimmons have had a reputation as a special product awarded to the royal court and central government offices since the Joseon Dynasty.
  • <Geography Section of the Annals of King Sejong (1454)>

  • <Volume 2 of the Annals of King Yejong (1468)>


Annals of King Yejong, Volume 2 (1468, year of King Yejong)

I ask you to still divide the production of the towns, so that the people's livelihood can be improved, and the geographical advantages can be maximized. Let me tell you what I heard about Gyeongsang-do. The bounty of Jinju is dried persimmons and bounty of Andong is pine nuts, but now the tribute of dried persimmons will be split with Sangju… *Source: Korean Classics Comprehensive DB
In addition, it can be assumed that persimmons were produced in abundance in the Sangju region and the quality was excellent through the records of the local products of the Sangju region in volume 28 of Sinjeung Dongguk Yeoji Seungram (Revised and Augmented Survey of the Geography of Korea) (1530), a geographic book containing information on the history, land, people, products, and cultural relics of each region written by Lee Haeng, Yun Eun-bo, and Hong Eon-pil. From Sangsanji (1617), a book about Sangju village in Gyeongsang-do compiled by Lee Jun, it can be concluded that persimmons were produced in abundance in the Sangju region and the quality was excellent.


Oral statement of Bae Yong-sik in Oenam-myeon

Kim Chang-gon, who lived at the Soeun 1-ri Court House, was excellent at acupuncture and performed acupuncture on residents, Many came to receive acupuncture from nearby areas, and were served persimmons and dried persimmons.
The persimmons and dried persimmons that Kim Chang-gon’s great-grandfather produced in the Dojanggol persimmon field of Soeun 1-ri Court House were Oenam Songgol persimmons at that time and well-known for their good taste and excellent quality.
And it is said that the story of offering dried persimmons to the king as a local specialty was handed down by word of mouth from his great-grandfather and old neighborhood elders.
It can also be known that dried persimmons were sent as an offering to the king in the past from the fact that this story has been passed down orally among the villagers.
We can know this through the story that Mr. Kim Chang-gon, who lived in the village, heard it from his great-grandfather and elders in village and from Mr. Bae Yong-sik, who worked as a civil servant at Sangju City Hall, inherited the farm that his father used to grow persimmon trees and started making dried persimmons in 1994, and now runs the Gurittul Farm.

In addition, the history of Sangju persimmons can be confirmed in subsequent records. Red persimmons are recorded in the category of Jingong, which means offering tribute, in Yeojidoseo, a national town chronicle compiled by each town, and Sangsan-eupji, the town chronicle of Sangjumok, Gyeongsang-do. Persimmons are also recorded as a local product in Gyonamji, a collection of information on 71 counties of Gyeongsang-do compiled by Kim Se-ho, a governor of Gyeongsang-do, and edited by Jeong Won-ho, who supplemented and corrected the geographical information. Persimmons in the Sangju area were recognized as a special product.

It can be seen that the persimmons in Sangju was superior through the record in Nogok Chomokji complied by Lee Man-bu, who served as a government official in Hanyang during the reign of King Sukjong of the Joseon Dynasty and returned to his hometown, Nogok, Sangju, Gyeongsangbuk-do and recorded the plants sown at home.
Nogok Chomokji is a book detailing the breeds, characteristics, and cultivation methods of 28 types of plants, such as pine trees, bamboo trees, peach trees, persimmon trees, and walnut trees, and the big soft persimmon of Sangju is recorded as noble product along with Susi persimmon of Yangju, Gyeonggi-do, and Gojongsi persimmon of Goryeong, Gyeongsangbuk-do.